Happiness, Time & the Rest of the Righteous – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 10, Vs 30-31


The Power of God & You

The manifestations of God in the world, in you, and in the entire universe.

The eighteen chapters of the Bhagavad Gita is a conversation between Arjuna and his childhood friend and Guru, Lord Krishna. Arjuna has asked Him to explain how He, as Absolute God, exists within Creation (beginning with verses 19-20, “God in You”):

Happiness, Time & the Rest of the Righteous

I am Prahlada of the Daityas, and of counting, I am Time. Of animals I am the lion, and of birds, I am Vainateya.

Alternate translation:
Of the Daityas, I am Prahlada. Of that which pushes forward, I am Time. Of wild animals, I am the King of Beasts. Of birds, I am Vainateya.

Daityas. Of the sons of Diti, the Earth Goddess, I am Prahlada, ‘joy and happiness’.

Time. Of that which pushes forward, I am Time and the advancement of evolution. 

Wild Animals. Of wild animals, I am the king of beasts at the at the top of the food chain, never the prey. The king of something is the master of it. The mastery of the wild, uncontrollable animal (desires of the body) brings about great strength and invulnerability.

Garuda, mount of Vishnu
Garuda-Vaineteya, mount of Vishnu, carries vessels containing amrita, the nectar of immortality.

Birds. Of birds, I am Vainateya, another name of Garuda, the mount of Vishnu that consumes snakes (desires). From vi-natā, ‘humble, modest, and bowing down’, characteristics that Lord Krishna clearly commends. As Vishnu’s mount, this bird is how he gets around—’flying in the sky (khechari mudra)’. 

Garuda consumes snakes (desires). He is very strong and is said to be massive, large enough to block out the sun. Blocking out the sun brings about night and the appearance of the moon, i.e., the moon (apana) takes precedence over the sun (prana).

We have a tendency to appreciate the sun more than the moon, even in Yoga, but here, Lord Krishna adulates the moon instead. Why? It is only when the moon, apana, predominates, that it is possible for there to be a union of prana and apana. This union is the awakening of Kundalini, the evolutionary force within the body. At a later stage of yoga sadhana we can read the moon as soma.

Of purifiers, I am the wind, and of the weapon-bearing, I am Rama. Of sea creatures, I am Makara, and of rivers I am the Daughter of Jahnu.

Alternate translation:
Of purifiers, I am Prana. Of instruments that cut, I am that which brings rest and the pleasant relief of the righteous. Of fish, I am Makara, and I am that from which the Ganges issues.

Lord Rama
Lord Rama

Rama. The word rama means, ‘causing rest’. He carries a bow and arrow, an instrument that cuts. The root, ram, which means ‘dark’, makes us wonder if there is some kind of mystery hidden here.

Rama is righteous action—the cutting away of desires and freeing apana to ascend with the prana and up-trend the evolutionary force, kundali. Read the story of the marriage of Rama and Sita in the Ramayana, or watch Ingmar Bergman’s 1975 movie of Mozart’s opera, The Magic Flute).

Wind is the breath, and the vital air in the body where it is known as Prana, the Life Energy. It is Prana that causes sufficient purification for Kundalini to awaken

(‘Prana’ is a general term for Life Energy in the body and includes both prana and apana.)

This phrase (“Of purifiers, I am the wind”) can also be translated, “Of the swift moving, I am the wind.” The word for “wind” also means ‘northwest’. In the body this is the back of the head, suggesting the back-west path leading to immortality.

Makara is a large sea creature, or sea-monster, often represented as a crocodile (second chakra), and is also associated with Kamadeva, the god of love. Makara is sometimes used as an ornament on gates or on head-dresses. Now that we know that gates are openings, or access points, and that a head-dress would be a reference to the head, we can use our imagination to determine what this represents.

One resource defines Makara as ‘that which harms human beings’. So I took the word apart and got this: ma, “I” + kara, “doing”. In English this is ‘ego’. And  ma + ka + ra = “What am I doing?!” )


Daughter of Jahnu is the place from which the Ganges issues, not the Ganges Herself, but Her origin, the “head water”.

Namaste (I bow to the divine one you really are),
Durga Ma


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2 thoughts on “Happiness, Time & the Rest of the Righteous – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 10, Vs 30-31

  1. Good morning Ma!
    Namaste and pranams. You have made me a scripture junky… I so look forward to Saturday mornings with my coffee and reading your newest blog. How clever!!! I am finally starting to understand the subtleties in your translation where you are hiding the deeper esoteric meanings! Admittedly I was stretching myself before to look for them and uncover them and recognized today that they were blatant, for the first time I was reading “between the lines” as I was reading the translation you gave, how neat 🙂 Thank you so much for your continuous efforts in bringing us all into the light in your magnificent way.

    Liked by 1 person

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