Knowledge & Action – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 12, Vs 12

 

Knowledge & Action

The Bhagavad Gita appears in the story of the Mahabharata. It is a conversation between Lord Krishna and his devotee and childhood friend, Arjuna. Listening in, we receive the teachings of Lord Krishna as he relates them to Arjuna.

The subject of this chapter is Devotion.

This post addresses correct knowledge, practice, meditation, abandoning action, peace, and the order of their importance. 


12
Knowledge is superior to practice. Meditation is superior to knowledge. The abandonment of the fruit of action is superior to meditation. From abandonment, peace ensues.

Alternate Translation:
Knowledge is superior to practice. Meditation is superior to knowledge. Abandonment of the results of action in meditation is superior to the meditation itself, and peace comes as a result.

Correct knowledge is superior to the discipline of using the will to repeat the same practices the same way over and over again. The Sanskrit for ‘repeated practices’ means ‘the act of disciplined reduplication’. While we may use this tactic to get ourselves into the meditation room in the beginning, once real meditation has begun, it has served it purpose and is no longer needed, so it is naturally abandoned.

In Natural Surrender Meditation, the idea of ‘discipline’ has a different meaning: “Go ahead anyway.” Continue no matter what you think about what happens or doesn’t happen in your meditation.

Correct knowledge comes before meditation, for it is necessary in order to know how to meditate correctly and to succeed. Correctly practiced, meditation is superior to the knowledge of it. It is superior because it is experiential, proves the knowledge, and transforms and purifies the meditator, which knowledge alone cannot do.

Also, it is meditation that has provided this knowledge in the first place: Your guru gives you knowledge passed down through the lineage, you study the works of those who have already succeeded as found in the shastras (scriptures), and you experience the truth of these teachings for yourself in your meditation. Knowledge is static, but meditation changes the meditator and turns him or her into a superior being, a saint or a god.

The abandonment of the fruits of action is superior to meditation because true meditation relies on this. This describes Surrender Meditation. Meditation done without this abandonment, is not real meditation. By letting go of attachments to the outcome of your meditation, you have effectively abandoned desires and achieved ‘indifference’ for the duration of your meditation.

This surrendered state is the way to peace. Acting to get desires fulfilled only keeps the mind and energy agitated, and peace at bay. This is why Lord Krishna has spent so much time on this subject.

He is saying that the correct knowledge He has been teaching us, beginning with verse 6, is what makes this meditation possible, and puts it above the knowledge of it. And because surrender, the abandonment of the fruits of action, is what makes it work, it is the Highest Knowledge and the Highest Action. Once one truly renounces — surrenders, throws down at the feet of God — all expectations for certain results, one finds peace.

Willful discipline of repeated practices is nothing next to this knowledge and understanding of surrender sadhana. Surrender is synonymous with abandonment. Surrender is the surrender of the fruits of action, and even of action itself. When you have surrendered to God/Truth, all actions are God’s, and not yours.

Correct knowledge of meditation is necessary in order to know how to practice meditation correctly. Once you have correct knowledge, meditation will come effortlessly and spontaneously, and you will finally get peace. Not all meditation brings peace, but by letting go of your attachments and expectations in meditation through surrender to God/Truth, peace will come of its own accord.

Namaste (I bow to the divine one you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

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