VII:15-19 The Good, the Bad and the Wise

Previously, we learned that to comprehend, transcend and get beyond illusion to God/Truth, we must surrender to That. Now we will learn about the four steps experienced on the way to this surrender. 

15
Those foolish wrong-doers who do not surrender to me are the lowest of men. Carried away by illusion, they are bereft of wisdom and resort to erroneous states of being.

Surely it is fair to say that we have all made mistakes. But to willingly live one’s life in a state of ignorance is another matter entirely. Yet most people are willing to do this, to do most anything, to other people and to themselves, in order to hide themselves from themselves and not have their errors exposed.

But you are different or you wouldn’t be taking an interest in the Bhagavad Gita. You may have short moments of these states, but when they do arise, you can notice them and take refuge in meditation, the haven of Truth and Self-awareness.

It is very easy to fall into doing something wrongly from time to time, and very difficult to avoid. But we unwittingly violate ahimsa (harmlessness) and other yamas to greater or lesser degrees. Even when we try to do the right thing, we make mistakes (sin, ‘to miss the mark’).

By not taking refuge in God, we remain stuck on the bottom rung of the ladder and are left in ignorance and detrimental states of being. Such states are dangerous because we identify with them as who we are. Hanging onto these false identities can only lead to more errors and more repercussions. We are being informed that the resolution to this situation is to surrender ourselves to God.

16
Four kinds of benevolent people worship Me: (1) the suffering and afflicted, (2) those desiring wisdom, (3) those who seek accomplishment, and (4) the man of wisdom.

  • Worship – surrender to, adore, venerate.

This list tells us that all devotees of God fit into one of these four categories. See if you can determine which is the best fit for you.

These four kinds of people listed in order, also imply a natural sequence of four stages that anyone would naturally experience and motivate them to seek God/Truth, and lead them to the ultimate discovery of yoga (union).

From the Sanskrit:

Four Steps to Wisdom

1. The suffering and afflicted – ‘Struck by calamity, in pain, oppressed, suffering, unhappy’.

2. Those who desire knowledge – ‘Desirous of knowing’.

3. Those whose purpose is accomplishment – ‘The most effective means of accomplishing the Goal’. Accomplishing is an action word—now that one has knowledge, one is motivated to put this knowledge into action until he ultimately becomes…

4. The Man of Wisdom – ‘One who knows correctly’. One has succeeded in putting knowledge into action, and is now in possession not only of the Highest Knowledge, but of the Highest Wisdom acquired through personal experience in meditation.

17
Of these, the man of wisdom, constantly engaged in Yoga with singular devotion, is superior. Truly, I am exceedingly fond of the man of wisdom, as he is of Me.

Singular devotion – One is surrendered to God and only God. Thus one’s attention is singularly concentrated and causes the life energy in the body to become concentrated in one place. The fulfilling effects of this devotion causes one to constantly think only of God, and the yoga practice that brought it about, always.

Constantly – Always when in meditation; always at any time; always it is all one thinks about; anything one thinks about or is intent upon is always God.

18
Of these great ones, I consider the man of wisdom to be Myself. He is intent on Me, and abides in Me, the Supreme Goal.

If God sees you as God, who are you to argue? Abiding in God, God is where you live.

Intent on – Sanskrit: ‘committed, insistent, determined, resolved, persistent. Attentive, absorbed, engrossed, fascinated, enthralled, focused, concentrated’.

19
After many births, the man of wisdom, throwing himself down at My feet, knows Me as dwelling in all beings. Such a great soul is difficult to find. 

In four verses we have traveled from utter ignorance and despair to the full joy of union with God. We are being shown how one finally comes to Real Yoga, and the delightful pleasure of surrendering oneself to God in meditation. 

One who has reached this stage is a “great soul” (mahatma) who is difficult to find, yet every day, a new saint is announced as a fully enlightened master or an avatara, and public conjecture begins: Who is the best? Who is the most enlightened? Etcetera. At the end of the day, it usually amounts to fame, for we westerners venerate fame and fortune and use it to validate things and people and raise our social standing. And we are right back where we started from: “bereft of wisdom”. 

But it should be obvious that, unless one fits the bill themself, one does not have the means to know a true master or an avatara when they see one. In the next installment we will learn how this unfortunate state comes about.   

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

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VII:8-11 The Essence of God in Creation

Bhagavad Gita, Volume One, chapters 1-6, is now available for download.

The essence of God is present in all of Creation, like a string sustaining a neckless of pearls, the singular Absolute sustains the Relative Realm of this world of multiplicity. 

8
I am the fluidity in water, the light of the moon and sun, I am the vibration of all sounds in the sound of OM in the ether according to sacred knowledge, and I am the humanity in mankind. 

The things mentioned in these verses as essences of God are not the Absolute Itself, but are because of the Absolute, and exist prior to their manifestations, i.e., fluidity before water, light before sun and moon, vibration before audible sound, etc.

Everything in Creation exists as a potential in the Absolute. An essence is a characteristic of a potential. All of Creation becomes manifest from its essence. It is not the other way around.

The Absolute does not make these things happen. Like a face seen in a cloud, it is not that the cloud creates the image of a face, but that a face is what is perceived by the seer.

Through surrender to God in meditation, this can be known through the experience of pratyahara, wherein one comes to realize that the power of sight for instance, the ability to see, exists before physical eyes exist.

Fluiditywithout fixed form, changeable, adaptable. Water takes up the biggest percentage of the body and the earth, and takes the form of the vessel that holds it. 

Light – the source of illumination. Light makes perception possible, and knowledge knowable. Everything that is visible to us is visible by the reflection of light off the object seen. When we are attempting to understand something, we ‘reflect’ on it. For us humans, our true existence is in the dark, hidden, but real, even though we do not perceive it…until light has be cast on it and we become ‘enlightened’.

Sound – vibration, the basis of Creation. All sounds are contained within the sound of OM (aum). Vibration (/) begins with the Divine Individual’s choice to engage his power to know. What is sent out returns with the knowledge of the existence of another Divine Individual, and another equal and opposite vibration (\) becomes self-perpetuating upon its return (/\/\/\…). 

The humanity in mankind. The word for humanity is paurusham, meaning ‘belonging to purusha‘. Purusha is You with a viewpoint, but now you are being a member of humanity. This characteristic of your being is the essence of God in you as a human being. Lord Krishna is saying that He is that essence, once again identifying Himself with God, but in this case, this is you, thus making you one with God right now.

9
And 
I am the pure, pleasant fragrance of earth, the fire of the sun, the fire of life in all beings, and the fire of purification.

Earth is the element associated with the sense of smell at the first chakra, the home of Mother Kundalini, and is the basis of most of yoga sadhana. The Sanskrit word for pleasant also means, ‘pure, holy, sacred, good, right, auspicious and propitious’.

Fire of the sun gives light and life; the fire of life in all beings is prana, the Life Energy in the body; the fire of purification, tapas, ‘to heat or melt down,’ comprises most of yoga sadhana.

10
Know Me as the eternal cause of all living beings. I am the intelligence of the intelligent and the vitality in the body.

It is the divine, absolute individual—the Real You—that is the essence of what you are being: human. And it is this Real You that is the source of your intelligence, as well as the vitality in your own body. No surprise really, since you are one with God. 

11
And I am the strength of the strong devoid of desire and passion, and I am that desire which is not contrary to dharma.

Lord Krishna is saying that He is your strength when it is not impaired by desire and passion. Earlier I said that desire is an affirmation of lack. I will stand by this but take it a step further: Desire is a want that we chase because we can’t stand the way it feels to want, and the only solution we know is to fulfill the desire. Then we become obsessed with another desire: the desire to get it. And the chase begins. This is what weakens us, but there is a solution: 

By enjoying the desire itself, the object of desire
loses it power—it is of no further interest.

In this verse Lord Krishna reveals another secret. He says that He is that desire in you that is not contrary to dharma (Divine Law, injunction). In other words, this single desire doesn’t go against spiritual law or impede progress, but is in accordance with dharma because it is actually God. Translators tend to attribute this desire to the desire to procreate, or to desires that are inharmonious with the ordained duties of life.

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

My Secret Source

A secret is something that is not understood. It continues to be a secret until it is.

To my very dear followers and friends, 

This journey of two and a half years, from chapter one through chapter six of the Gita, has been very profound. It has brought me into contact with Immortal Masters, adepts who have guided the process. I have merely watched as their teachings were being written for all to see.

I am not being woo-woo when I say this. I consider these Perfected Ones, beginning with Lord Shiva, to be my Board of Directors. They have been my secret source of information and guidance. With my guru gone from this world, this Board of Directors, which includes my guru lineage, guides me through uncharted waters to the end of the cycles of rebirth.

The Board not only guides me in my own sadhana, they guide the writing of these installments on the Bhagavad Gita. Just as the blind king, Dhirtarashtra, hears this conversation between Arjuna and Lord Krishna conveyed through his clairvoyant minister, Samjaya, I am getting it from my Board and passing it along to you. 

What is written here is either written with them, by them, or cleared by them. They even take over my hands to the point that I am reading rather than writing as my hands move over the keyboard, sometimes revealing things I have either forgotten or only partially understood. 

The Science of Yoga

One of the difficulties people have when they try to read the Bhagavad Gita, is that they are so overwhelmed by what seems to be a complex and confusing philosophical system, that they end in throwing the book across the room and giving up. But the details are hidden in the cracks of the Sanskrit. They are unable to see these things because they have had little or no experience with yoga sadhana.

The Bhagavad Gita is a treatise on the science of Yoga—what Yoga is, how it works, how to practice it correctly, and what you’ll get for your time spent. If all you ever read is the first six chapters, you will have everything you need to learn and practice Yoga correctly and reap its rewards…if you can understand it. The remaining chapters go over these things again and again to provide different ways of seeing things, and expand and add more detail and depth. 

The Secrets of Yoga

Most of what is hidden in Yoga is ‘secret’ because of the propensity of the human mind to continue to monitor how it perceives and understands things. So no deliberate hiding is necessary anyway, for the mind will automatically see what it has been trained to see, regardless of the Truth. 

Thus is Yoga secret, hidden—just as it is hidden within you, and you don’t know it. That is what the Gita is for—to awaken you to what you already know.

The Bhagavad Gita speaks to anyone of any age or stage of life. It is not just a rambling conversation intended to express a philosophy or make more rules to follow. And it is not just an esoteric work, either. It is an exposition, revealing the truth about life, about God, about You, and about Yoga, and showing you the way to re-union with God, regardless of your religion, your path or your stage of life.

Having completed chapter six last week, next week you can look forward to getting started on chapter seven, The Yoga of Truth. And soon after, volume one, consisting of chapters 1 – 6, will be made available in PDF.

If you’d like to read some ‘outs’ from this message click here.

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com