Profound Joy and Happiness – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 18, Vs 70-78

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Previously, it was the Greatest Secret that was the subject of verses 70-71. In this translation however, it is the entire Gita that is the subject:

70-71
And one who studies this sacred dialogue of ours, by that one I am loved with the Knowledge Sacrifice.
 One who is faithful and void of ill-will and hears it, certainly becomes liberated and attains the auspicious and happy worlds of the righteous.

  • Studies – studies the Bhagavad Gita, and internalizes it.
  • Faithful – taking action ‘on faith’ until proven. (‘Faith’ is synonymous with ‘discipline’ – going ahead anyway no matter what)
  • Void of ill-will – not deriding it.
  • The righteous – ‘those whose actions are pure’.
  • Pure – auspicious, propitious, pleasant, good, right, virtuous, meritorious, holy, sacred.

Vyasa, the author of the Mahabharata, which includes this Bhagavad Gita, is speaking as Lord Krishna as if He were aware that, many years in the future, there would be people like us reading this Gita and needing to know that we have not been left behind by the passage of time. Truth never changes. The Greatest Secret of the Diamond Shloka, and the entire Bhagavad Gita, are as great and true now as they ever were. And if we proceed with Faith, rather than questioning it, we can become liberated and attain “the auspicious and happy worlds of the righteous.”

One who is faithful and void of ill-will refers to the yogi who has studied this dialogue and has learned this Great Secret directly from the mouth of his guru, just as Arjuna has. At death, even if he has not yet mastered it, he may nevertheless become liberated and attain the happy and auspicious world of those who have.

72
Have you heard me with concentrated mind, Arjuna? Have your ignorance and delusion been destroyed, O Winner of Victory? 

73
Arjuna spoke:
Infallible One, by your Grace, my confusion is gone and memory regained. Unchanging One, I stand with doubt dispelled, and I shall do whatever you say.

  • Unchanging – Absolute

In the beginning of the Gita, Arjuna spent the first chapter railing at the idea of engaging in this battle, but now that he understands what is really going on, he is inspired and committed to follow his guru’s promptings.

Now we hear from Samjaya, minister to the present king, who has been narrating all this to him (and us):

74
Samjaya speaks:
Thus have I heard this dialogue between Krishna, the Son of Vasudeva, and Arjuna, the noble hearted son of Pritha, so glorious that my hair is standing on end.

Samjay's Joy

Samjaya’s Joy

Samjaya is the blind king’s minister. He is narrating to him this dialogue between Lord Krishna and Arjuna as we listen in. Samjaya (‘victorious’) is using his power of divine sight to perceive it from afar, where Krishna and Arjuna are standing between the two armies before the battle begins. He has heard the key teaching of the Diamond Shloka and has discovered that, by having heard and understood it, it can propel him directly to liberation, and he is electrified by the prospect.

75
By the grace of Vyasa, I have heard this supreme and holy secret of Yoga from Shri Krishna, speaking directly, before my very eyes. 

Samjaya is saying that he has heard this supreme secret of Yoga directly from the Lord of Yoga himself, Lord Krishna. And that it is by the grace of Vyasa, who is the author of this story, that he has been able to do so. He goes on to say…..

76-77
O King, as I continue to recall this most profound and holy dialogue between Lord Krishna and Arjuna, I rejoice again and again. And remembering that astonishing and wonderful form of Lord Krishna, I am greatly amazed and I rejoice yet again and again.

Samjaya did not miss the part where Lord Krishna said that one who is faithful and void of ill-will and hears this, also becomes liberated and attains auspicious and happy worlds. So he is filled not only by the wonder of the whole conversation, but also, by having learned this Great Secret, that he, too, will be liberated and find Eternal Happiness.

The astonishing and wonderful form of Lord Krishna refers to Krishna’s Cosmic Form in chapter eleven.

78
Where there is Krishna, Lord of Yoga, and where there is Arjuna, the Great Archer, there will also be honor, success, prosperity and unending Goodness. Of this I am certain.

Krishna, who represents God and Guru, knows Yoga (uniting). Arjuna, a warrior, represents the disciple who is brave in the midst of much as yet unproven, and seemingly risky, undertakings. But he only needed this guidance from Lord Krishna to go forward no matter what. This is the definition of ‘discipline’. By such discipline, he is certain to reach the Highest Goal — by the Highest Knowledge, the Highest Action, and the Highest Devotion. And so can you.


Read The Exquisite Beauty of Surrender Yoga and receive a gift from me to you.


Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

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Attaining Godhood, Part 2 – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 18, Vs 57-59

Embraced by God

.Attaining Godhood, Part 2

Previously:
Even though he performs many actions, he is surrendered to Me, thus attaining the realm of the eternal Imperishable Abode, by My Grace. — Verse 56

57
Relying on this Knowledge of Yoga, surrender all actions to Me. With Me as the Highest, and always thinking of Me, you will always be absorbed in Me.

“Always thinking of Me”: The word for ‘thinking’ is from the Sanskrit, chitta. Chitta is the stuff the mind is made of — pure consciousness. At this point your consciousness is purified and you begin to think of God all the time.

“Relying on this Knowledge of Yoga” suggests that even merely through rational intelligence (buddhi), one can hold God as the Highest goal, surrender all actions to God, and be absorbed into God (yoga). The teachings given in this Gita have shown us what we must do to reach this point. Now that we are here, it is only natural that we rely on this knowledge of Yoga, because we know it works. 

“With Me as the Highest” means with God as the highest goal. God is Krishna, who is Purushottama, Absolute God, and this is That to which we aspire.

“Surrender all actions to Me” By knowing that all actions are not your own, but are merely Nature in action, you easily and gladly leave everything to God/Truth. 

“You will always be absorbed in Me” Because your consciousness is always absorbed in Krishna, it is always absorbed in God, and your state is the same as That. 

58
Thus always conscious of Me, you will overcome all obstacles by My Grace. But if out of ego (ahamkara) you do not listen, you will perish.

Krishna and Radha“You will overcome all obstacles by My Grace,” means that all obstacles encountered are now God’s to deal with. That God deals with them, is God’s Grace. This is not an action of God’s any more than it is yours, but it is God’s grace, God’s kind benevolence.

The overcoming of obstacles is a matter of getting in sync with God/Truth, so you might say that God/Truth approves and Grace is the result. You don’t deal with obstacles because your state is one in which you are not a doer of actions. So even when it may look like you are involved in an action for the purpose of eliminating an obstacle, it is God’s Grace at work, not you.

God approves and Grace ensues.

“But if out of ego you do not listen, you will perish.” The doer-ego is your nemesis. It will try to take the credit or the blame for any action, however great or small, whether for good or ill. Attending to this will get you nowhere and stop your progress. Then when you leave your body at death, you will find yourself waiting in line for a return performance. You will not achieve that realm of the Eternal. 

  • Ego (ahamkara) – believing that you are the doer of actions.

59
If you resort to ego and rationalize, “I shall not fight,” your resolve will be in vain, for your own nature will compel you.

This is where this Gita began: with Arjuna becoming reluctant, and then adamant, about not fighting this war to regain his rightful place of rulership of his own kingdom … because family and friends might get hurt or go away. And indeed this is something that will come up for any sincere seeker — friends and family will criticize you, call you crazy, accuse you of being selfish and indulgent and hurting them (you’re not; you are actually helping them but they can’t see it). 

During this chapter we found that, although Arjuna was in disagreement with Lord Krishna who had urged him to take up this challenge, all his complaints revealed to us that he was already in possession of True Knowledge without realizing it.

This is like most of us. Every one our reasons for not going forward are loaded with messages suggesting the very opposite of what is being taught in this Gita. We resist these teachings with innumerable and perfectly rational excuses. Then things start coming up that make it impossible for us to go forward with it. 

Once you awaken to your Inherent Knowing, you will realize that these teachings are True. You will notice that they feel somehow familiar to you, and you will stop resisting. At this point you will let go of your concerns about friends, family and society in general, and you will get on with finding your guru and moving forward … no matter what. It is inevitable, “for your own nature will compel you.”

You already know everything. You have but to learn what you know.

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

Attaining Godhood – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 18, Vs 50-56

Godhood is Home
Godhood is Home

Attaining Godhood, Part 1

50-51
Now learn from Me briefly, how one who has attained perfection also attains Brahman, the Highest State: The senses are restrained, beginning with sound, the buddhi is pure, and attraction and aversion are abandoned.

He is saying that in attaining Perfection, you are attaining the state of Godhood, and that this is the Highest State. He goes on to tell us how this takes place: With the restraint of the senses (pratyahara), sound being the first, attractions and aversions cease and the buddhi is pure.

How It Works

Pratyahara – introversion and withdrawal of the senses. In this state, when the sense faculties are separated from the sense organs and can no longer bring sense objects (sound, sight, etc.) into the mind, then the buddhi is ‘pure’ (nothing is mixed in with it).

Buddhi – intellect, understanding, logic, reasoning, discrimination, judgement, and sorting things out. Buddhi is the part of the mind that knows the difference among things. It differentiates and understands. In pratyahara, the buddhi is ‘pure’ and free to do its job perfectly because it is not disturbed or distracted by objects entering into the mind via the senses. Then one sees only what is Real (God/Truth).

Pure buddhi – your ability to know, understand what you know, and what to do with it, is free. No tantalizing objects of sense can reach the buddhi because there is a disconnect between your organs of sense and your powers of sense.

Attraction and aversion – likes and dislikes. One’s indifference to them is achieved through pratyahara

“Sound being the first” – The experience of pratyahara, withdrawal or introversion, begins with sound because sound is the subtlest and the most all-encompassing of the five ‘sense objects’. It is directly connected to the whole of Creation, including the body itself. In the state of pratyahara this is experienced as Real and can be heard, felt and seen. 

Conditions for Attainment

52-53
Living alone and relishing solitude, taking recourse in the highest yoga meditation and eating moderately, the body, speech and mind under control and one is indifferent to worldly objects. Egotism, force, arrogance, passion, anger and possessiveness are abandoned, and this peaceful one is fit for Union with Brahman (Absolute God/Truth).

“The highest yoga meditation” – the primary practice of nivritti marga (the path going straight to the Goal).

“The body, speech and mind under control” – in life, this is monitoring them; in meditation this is pratyahara.

“Union with Brahman” – in life, this unification is evidenced by the emergence of the Real You; in meditation one is absorbed into Absolute God.

Success!

54-55
One who is absorbed in Brahman neither grieves loss nor desires gain. Propitious and impartial toward all living beings and devoted to Me, he gains the Highest. Devoted to Me, he comes to know Me as great, and also as I am. Upon truly knowing Me, he immediately enters into Me.

“He comes to know Me as great, and also as I am.” Some translators translate ‘great’ to mean all-pervasive, which is certainly true. Lord Krishna is saying to Arjuna that he will not only come to know Him as something bigger than himself, i.e., His Cosmic Form, but also as He is now — appearing as a human being who is Arjuna’s childhood friend and guru, even though He is also the Cosmic lord of all Creation.  

“Devoted to Me” means that, through constant devotion to Krishna/God, you will know Him completely.  

Upon truly knowing Me, he immediately enters into Me” is to be taken literally. You really do enter into Absolute God. This is called nirbija samadhi. (‘merging together un-caused’). 

Nirbija also means ‘without seed’, without anything left in a potential state of ‘becoming’ because all is now revealed. Samadhi means ‘union, joining together’ as well as ‘sameness’. At this point, you as a human being living on this earth, can enter into Absolute God at the drop of a hat. You will find yourself stopping what you’re doing and going there in an instant, whenever you like. 

56
Even though he performs many actions, he is surrendered to Me, thus attaining the realm of the eternal Imperishable Abode, by My Grace.

God's Eternal Abode“By My Grace” means that it is because of Absolute God Itself that you are able to enter into Absolute God. You have surrendered yourself to That, so That is what you get.

“Even though he performs many actions.” You have surrendered yourself to God, so you most certainly are not the doer of any actions that occur — nothing you do is done by you.

“Thus attaining the realm of the eternal Imperishable Abode” means that you can finally go Home to this realm of existence. At death, rather than some weigh-station where you await your next incarnation and start all over again, you will go Home and you won’t be compelled to return. It also means that while you are here in this world, you have contact with this realm of Immortal Masters.

All of this tells us how little is actually required of us to become God-realized. I cannot otherwise imagine how I have managed to reach this point with so much static, so many obstacles, all my worrying about tomorrow, and so much self-talk of unworthiness, not to mention my feeble attempt at succeeding with this yoga. I am not playing humble, I am telling you this in all honesty, because I want you to understand this one thing: If I can do it, you can do it.

God-realization is not different than Self-realization.

This is where all your reticence should end. Now you know that all these verses, in all these eighteen chapters, are telling you the same thing, over and over in different ways, so that you can finally get the message. If Arjuna can do it, you can do it. In chapter one we heard Arjuna stating his reticence only to find that everything he said was true, even though he did not understand his own revelations.

This last chapter is also telling you everything all over again. The question is, do you understand it? If not, get on board the train that goes there, do the work, and you will discover that this work is not only not difficult, but brings enormous satisfaction and the greatest happiness and joy.

The next question is, Do you want it? If you don’t, or if you’re not sure, consider the alternatives. It’s a no-brainer. 

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com