Profound Joy and Happiness – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 18, Vs 70-78

Screen Shot 2018-11-28 at 10.14.50 AM

Previously, it was the Greatest Secret that was the subject of verses 70-71. In this translation however, it is the entire Gita that is the subject:

70-71
And one who studies this sacred dialogue of ours, by that one I am loved with the Knowledge Sacrifice.
 One who is faithful and void of ill-will and hears it, certainly becomes liberated and attains the auspicious and happy worlds of the righteous.

  • Studies – studies the Bhagavad Gita, and internalizes it.
  • Faithful – taking action ‘on faith’ until proven. (‘Faith’ is synonymous with ‘discipline’ – going ahead anyway no matter what)
  • Void of ill-will – not deriding it.
  • The righteous – ‘those whose actions are pure’.
  • Pure – auspicious, propitious, pleasant, good, right, virtuous, meritorious, holy, sacred.

Vyasa, the author of the Mahabharata, which includes this Bhagavad Gita, is speaking as Lord Krishna as if He were aware that, many years in the future, there would be people like us reading this Gita and needing to know that we have not been left behind by the passage of time. Truth never changes. The Greatest Secret of the Diamond Shloka, and the entire Bhagavad Gita, are as great and true now as they ever were. And if we proceed with Faith, rather than questioning it, we can become liberated and attain “the auspicious and happy worlds of the righteous.”

One who is faithful and void of ill-will refers to the yogi who has studied this dialogue and has learned this Great Secret directly from the mouth of his guru, just as Arjuna has. At death, even if he has not yet mastered it, he may nevertheless become liberated and attain the happy and auspicious world of those who have.

72
Have you heard me with concentrated mind, Arjuna? Have your ignorance and delusion been destroyed, O Winner of Victory? 

73
Arjuna spoke:
Infallible One, by your Grace, my confusion is gone and memory regained. Unchanging One, I stand with doubt dispelled, and I shall do whatever you say.

  • Unchanging – Absolute

In the beginning of the Gita, Arjuna spent the first chapter railing at the idea of engaging in this battle, but now that he understands what is really going on, he is inspired and committed to follow his guru’s promptings.

Now we hear from Samjaya, minister to the present king, who has been narrating all this to him (and us):

74
Samjaya speaks:
Thus have I heard this dialogue between Krishna, the Son of Vasudeva, and Arjuna, the noble hearted son of Pritha, so glorious that my hair is standing on end.

Samjay's Joy

Samjaya’s Joy

Samjaya is the blind king’s minister. He is narrating to him this dialogue between Lord Krishna and Arjuna as we listen in. Samjaya (‘victorious’) is using his power of divine sight to perceive it from afar, where Krishna and Arjuna are standing between the two armies before the battle begins. He has heard the key teaching of the Diamond Shloka and has discovered that, by having heard and understood it, it can propel him directly to liberation, and he is electrified by the prospect.

75
By the grace of Vyasa, I have heard this supreme and holy secret of Yoga from Shri Krishna, speaking directly, before my very eyes. 

Samjaya is saying that he has heard this supreme secret of Yoga directly from the Lord of Yoga himself, Lord Krishna. And that it is by the grace of Vyasa, who is the author of this story, that he has been able to do so. He goes on to say…..

76-77
O King, as I continue to recall this most profound and holy dialogue between Lord Krishna and Arjuna, I rejoice again and again. And remembering that astonishing and wonderful form of Lord Krishna, I am greatly amazed and I rejoice yet again and again.

Samjaya did not miss the part where Lord Krishna said that one who is faithful and void of ill-will and hears this, also becomes liberated and attains auspicious and happy worlds. So he is filled not only by the wonder of the whole conversation, but also, by having learned this Great Secret, that he, too, will be liberated and find Eternal Happiness.

The astonishing and wonderful form of Lord Krishna refers to Krishna’s Cosmic Form in chapter eleven.

78
Where there is Krishna, Lord of Yoga, and where there is Arjuna, the Great Archer, there will also be honor, success, prosperity and unending Goodness. Of this I am certain.

Krishna, who represents God and Guru, knows Yoga (uniting). Arjuna, a warrior, represents the disciple who is brave in the midst of much as yet unproven, and seemingly risky, undertakings. But he only needed this guidance from Lord Krishna to go forward no matter what. This is the definition of ‘discipline’. By such discipline, he is certain to reach the Highest Goal — by the Highest Knowledge, the Highest Action, and the Highest Devotion. And so can you.


Read The Exquisite Beauty of Surrender Yoga and receive a gift from me to you.


Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

Advertisements

Food, Sacrifice, Tapas & Giving – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 17, Vs 11-22

Faith

In these verses Lord Krishna is answering Arjuna’s question on Faith. He began His answer with Sacrifice in verses 2 – 10. The following verses are expansions on this answer and include not only sacrifice, but foods, kinds of austerities (tapas) and giving.

Previously:
Arjuna spoke: “What is the status of those who sacrifice without consideration of scriptural injunctions but sacrifice with faith? Is it sattva, rajas or tamas?” — chapter 17, verse 1.

Foods

7 – 10
Like sacrifices, austerities and gifts, the foods preferred by all are of three kinds. Now hear of these distinctions:

The kinds of foods mentioned in these three verses have their roots in times before the Indus Valley Civilization.Sattvic Foods

(8) Foods that are sweet, succulent, juicy, nourishing and promote life, energy, strength, health, happiness and satisfaction, are dear to the sattvic.

Foods that are sweet, etc. Refined sugar is not what is meant by ‘sweet’, but is considered to be ‘stale’.

Rajasic Foods(9) Foods that are very bitter, very sour, very salty, very hot, very pungent, very dry and burning, are dear to the rajasic, are unpleasant and cause misery and disease.

Too much bitterness, etc. In moderation, these kinds of foods are anti-inflammatory and healing. The admonition is to not take it too far and cancel their positive effects, as rajasic persons are inclined to do. 

(10) Foods that are stale, tasteless, putrid, rotten, foul, impure, and also the leavings of others, are dear to the tamasic.Tamasic Foods

Stale, etc. You may wonder how anyone could even eat these kinds of foods. Anandamayi Ma insisted that no food be left at the end of the day in Her ashram. On one occasion, She was found in the night eating left over flour to make her point. Old foods are dead foods. 

Sacrifice 

11 – Sattvic Sacrifice
Sacrifice that is offered according to scriptural injunction with the only thought, “this is given.” This sacrifice is sattvic.

Sacrifice offered without the purpose of fruits (without using your will to fulfill desires) is sattvic.

12 – Rajasic Sacrifice
But sacrifice offered out of pride and deceit, with the intent of personal benefit, that sacrifice is rajasic

13 – Tamasic Sacrifice
Sacrifice offered without faith and contrary to scriptural injunction, with no food offered, and with no mantras or giving, that sacrifice is tamasic.

Austerity (Tapas)

Austerity of Body

14
Honoring God, the twice-born (Brahmanas, God-people), gurus and sages, through purity, goodness, continence and non-violence, is austerity (tapas) of the body.

  • Twice-born – ‘born again’ or ‘reborn’.

Today, the usual translation of Brahmanas means priests. However, God-people are those who live in harmony with the Real. It is the purpose of their lives. Brahmanas (or Brahmins, temple priests) have more recently (a few thousand years ago) been set aside as the highest caste, but also rightly include scholars, teachers, gurus and sages.

Purity, goodness, continence and non-violence in all your actions is Tapas of Body. 

Austerity of Speech

15
The practice of reciting sacred texts, and the use of words that do not cause distress and are truthful, inoffensive and beneficial, is austerity (tapas) of speech. 

Tantric yogi reciting mantra then drinking whiskey from a skull.
Tantric yogi reciting mantra and drinking whiskey from a skull.

Reciting sacred texts also means reading and study of sacred texts. This was written at a time when not everyone could read and the memorization and recitation of scriptures was customary.

Tapas refers to purification by fire (energy). This is different than the elimination of impurities.

When you are careful not to cause distress when speaking, reciting or teaching, and being truthful in an inoffensive manner that is also beneficial, this is the Tapas of Speech.

Austerity of Mind

16
Clear-mindedness, gentleness, monitoring speech, self-restraint and pure-heartedness, is austerity of mind.

Clear-minded also means peaceful or serene. Monitoring speech also means silence. Self-restraint is self-control. Pure-heartedness is sincerity and empathy. 

Austerities of Body, Speech and Mind

17 – 19
(17) These three austerities — body, speech and mind — practiced with ardent faith by those without expectation of return benefit, are sattvic austerities that last.

(18) Austerities undergone with pride and for the purpose of gaining honor, respect and adoration, are rajasic, unsteady and impermanent.

(19) Austerities performed out of ignorance that torture oneself, or for the purpose of destroying or overpowering others, are tamasic.

Giving

20 – 22
Feeding the needy(20) Gifts given at the proper time and place, without expectation of reward, to worthy persons who have done no prior favor, with the only idea, “this is given,” is sattvic giving.

(21) But gifts given grudgingly, with the aim of personal benefit or the expectation of reward, is rajasic giving.

(11) Gifts given at the wrong time and place to the unworthy without paying respect, but with contempt, is said to be tamasic giving.

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

Make a Difference

Have a Positive Impact on the World

Spiritual Leadership will take you where you want to go while you advance spiritually and improve your life. In the process, you will influence the advancement of everyone on Earth, and even the Earth itself.

Spiritual Leadership is not a replacement for anything you may already be doing, but will augment any spiritual avenues you already travel, and open up new vistas.

Please contact me at durgama.com/contact if you would like to know more about this program.

Helping you advance spiritually is my mission.
Saving the world is the result of our success.


The Fast Track

Surrender Meditation

Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga
Spontaneous Experiential Meditation

Slip into a natural state of meditation with ease. Experience the relief of reaching a true meditative state without any effort and without using your will.

Receive shaktipat and become initiated into the original meditation of ancient masters from which meditation techniques were eventually derived.

Increase your knowledge base and begin Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga, Surrender Meditation. Though correct knowledge you will increase your progress by a thousand times, and bring about even deeper meditation and amazing experiences.

Shaktipat Intensives with Durga Ma are held in Phoenix, Arizona


“Every step you take pulls every one of us with you.”

The Whole World Is One Family


Avatara – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 9, Vs 11-14

“When I assume human form, the ignorant deride Me, not knowing My highest existence as Maheśhvara. The ignorant, whose hopes, actions and knowledges are ineffectual, are harmful, as they cling like demons to whatever enthralls them. But those Great Souls who have attained My divine nature through their singleminded devotion to Me, know Me as the origin of all creation, the Imperishable Absolute. Always engaged in yoga, their continuous practice and devotion glorifies Me. Worshipping Me thus, they are united with Me.” — Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 9, Verses 11-14 

Lord Krish
Lord Krishna, Avatara of Vishnu, Sustainer of LIfe

11
When I assume human form, the ignorant deride Me, not knowing My highest existence as Maheśhvara.  

  • Ignorant – at a loss about, stupefied, bewildered, perplexed, confused, a fool.
  • Deride – treat as unworthy of serious consideration, dismiss, despise, disesteem, treat with contempt, look down on. 

Lord Krishna is an avatara, a temporary human manifestation of an eternally existent God. As a manifestation, an avatar looks and acts like a human being, but by calling Himself Maheshvara, Lord Krishna is telling us that He is actually Absolute God, even though He has taken up residence in a human body in the relative realm of this world.

  • Maheśhvara – Great God, great lord, sovereign. From maha (great, mighty, strong) and ishvara (another name of God meaning master or lord). Maheśhvara is God in the highest sense, Absolute God (See “God is One and Two” regarding the nature of God).

The Absolute is the source of creation but not an acting agent. Absolute God does nothing at all, yet an avatara comes to earth from time to time to take bodily form for a reason. According to the Gita, the purpose of an avatara is to mitigate the prevalence of suffering. Aside from any specific mission, an avatara’s mere presence alone is a tonic to the world. 

“The ignorant deride Me”
An avatara is usually not known for what he or she is, but is hated, insulted, completely missed by the ordinary person. The ordinary person sees only the body and is thus unable to recognize an avatara.  

No one who isn’t one can recognize one.

There are descriptions of avataras, but they are not correct but apply to the Divine Bodies of yogis who have succeeded in Yoga. An avatara will fit all of the following descriptions, even though they are not always easy to see:

  • Unusual circumstances surround their birth
  • They are born with an unusual degree of awareness of their surroundings
  • They are born with an identifying mark on the body
  • They do not see the body as the self, but as a place to be
  • An avatara has genius and multiple talents and abilities
  • An avatara has strong empathy, awareness of the suffering in the world, and takes on that suffering to mitigate it
  • They remember coming to this world, and they remember the experience
  • They come with a mission
  • They have special powers not possessed by most humans, but rarely expose them

12
The ignorant, whose hopes, actions and knowledges are ineffectual, are harmful, as they cling like demons to whatever enthralls them.

Lord Krishna is shedding some light on the ordinary person’s inability to discern an avatara by further describing ignorance: Even though what they want, what they do and what they know are ineffectual and harmful, they continue to cling to them. 

Alternate translation
The ignorant, those whose hopes, actions and knowledges are useless, are seduced by attaching demonic entities that delude them and cause harm.

There are thought to be many levels of existence, some better than our own, and some worse. Entities of the lower worlds are considered to be demonic in nature, and have a vested interest in bringing us down to their own level.

I’m not talking about ghouls and ghosts that go bump in the night, but entities that can attach themselves to humans and cause trouble. They particularly like deterring people from any spiritual progress toward liberation and knowing God/Truth. They do this primarily by seducing humans to chase after the glitter of the attractions the senses provide. They have enough knowledge to know that this will work.

This is not a subject that should be dwelt upon, but it should also not be ignored or denied, for secrecy only gives a thing more power.

13-14
But those Great Souls who have attained My divine nature through their singleminded devotion to Me, know Me as the origin of all creation, the Imperishable Absolute. 
Always engaged in yoga, their continuous practice and devotion glorifies Me. Worshipping Me thus, they are united with Me.

Now it appears that not every one of us is ignorant or chasing after glitter that is not gold. There are Great Souls among us. These two verses give us a picture of these Great Souls: They know the Absolute to be the origin of creation, and they are single-mindedly devoted to the Absolute and to the constant God-practice of yoga. Glorifying God through this practice, they are with God, sitting at the right hand of God.

  • Glorify – to make clear by one’s actions; to venerate, worship, and be grateful to, etc. 

What Lord Krishna has taught Arjuna, this ‘profound secret’, glorifies God, making God/Truth more clear to Arjuna (and to us). This ‘secret yoga‘ is a demonstration of gratitude that goes beyond the norm, and is the worship that brings one into union with the worshipped: God, Truth, the Absolute. It is the tonic of the avatara mitigating the sorrows of the world.

Namaste (I bow to the Divine One that You really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com


Shaktipat Intensive

Saturday, May 27, Phoenix, Arizona

Experiential Meditation Seminar 11:00 AM – 2:00 PM – $50
Shaktipat Diksha & Initiation 2:00 PM – 3:00 PM – Optional

Register NOW
Space is very limited

Location:
Creative Living Fellowship, Emerson Room

6530 North 7th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85014
Read more >>>


Bhagavad Gita & Mindfulness Classes

Monday evening classes with Durga Ma beginning March 13

Reserve or take a chance and drop-in.
Click a class for reservations and more information.
Bhagavad Gita – Messages from God to You about You
6:30-7:30 PM
Mindfulness – Life Mastery and Meditation
7:30-8:30
$10 per class

Location:
Creative Living Fellowship, Emerson Room

6530 North 7th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85014