VIII: 1-4 From the Absolute to the Relative and Back Again…

“Those who seek liberation from old age and death, surrender to Me, know this Absolute God, the Absolute Self, and all about Action…With consciousness fully absorbed in Me at the moment of death, they will truly know Me.” — Bhagavad Gita, chapter 7, verses 29-30  

Arjuna speaks:
What is this Brahman, what is Adhyatma, and what is Action, O Best of Beings, and what are Adhibhuta and Adhidaiva said to be? Who is Adhiyajna in the body, Slayer of Madhu, and how at the time of death can this be known by those who are self-disciplined, devoted and committed?

From the Absolute 

3  Lord Krishna answers:
Brahman is the Imperishable Absolute. Adhyatma is the innate Self. Action is known as the sending forth that causes him to come into a state of being.

Brahman (Absolute God) is the Highest order of God, the Imperishable Absolute situation.

Adhyatma (first individual) is the innate Self, the Divine Individual, the Real You, void of any state of being.

Action (karma) is known as the ‘sending forth’ on the part of Adhyatma in order to know what is other-than-self, the first action of Adhyatma.  

Vibration is the effect of Adhyatma’s inherent ability to be conscious being sent forth to know what is other than himself. The all-pervading sound produced by this vibration, one tone consisting of all tones (one for each of us), resounds throughout all Creation and can be heard in deep meditation.

To the Relative

Lord Krishna continues:

Adhibhuta is Purusha come into perishable being. Adhidaiva is the first other Divine Individual known to Purusha. The Highest Sacrifice here in the body, Adhiyajna, is Myself.

Adhibhuta (first becoming) is Adhyatma in a state of being identified with something other than his true Self that is not absolute, and is therefore perishable. 

Purusha is Adhyatma with a viewpoint, the “embodied one” in a state of being a being (Adhibhuta).

Adhidaiva (first god) is the first other Divine Individual known to Adhyatma.

Adhiyajna (first sacrifice). Engaging his innate power of choice, Adhyatma sacrifices his perfect situation in the Absolute in order to know Another (Adhidaiva). Once this Purusha (Adhyatma with a viewpoint) becomes embodied and seeks to recapture his original, perfect situation, he chooses not to choose and leaves everything to Absolute God by surrendering himself to That. This surrender is Adhiyajna, “the highest sacrifice here in the body”.

Lord Krishna is saying that this sacrifice is actually Himself, and is therefore the Highest Sacrifice here in the body (the word for ‘first’ also means ‘highest’). Sacrifice is how you got here, so it is also what will enable you to return to your original situation of Eternal Happiness.

In the Relative Realm

The sacrifice made by the Real You in the Absolute changed everything. By choosing to know other-than-self (prakriti), a viewpoint was produced, and ultimately a perceptible form. By perceiving another through a viewpoint, you experienced difference, separateness, and perception produced the senses and became indirect. 

Now, when a sense is attracted to its object, knowledge of that object is transmitted and stored in your mind. Every time your attention goes out through one or more of your senses to perceive, you are sacrificing your life—because the Life Energy (prana) in the body always travels with the attention, it leaves the body. 

Attention is a flow of consciousness.

When you want to know something, you ‘send forth’ your attention through one or more of your senses. In the Relative Realm of this world, this is how you learn.

And Back Again

Meditation is a steady flow of attention and prana to one thing, one place. Through the practice of surrender to Absolute God, the attention and prana spontaneously become withdrawn and find a place within the body to accumulate, concentrate and produce pratyahara, the withdrawal of the senses. With this withdrawal, the attention stops going outward because the life energy has stopped going outward, and a meditative state of divine union is attained.

This is Real Surrender, Adhiyajna, the Highest Sacrifice. It is how you got here, and it is how you will return to your natural state of perfection and Eternal Happiness.

“With consciousness fully absorbed in Me at the moment of death, they will truly know Me” — Lord Krishna

Namaste (I bow to the Divine One that You really are),
Durga Ma

VII:29-30 Divine Body…

“Those who seek liberation from old age and death by surrendering to Me, know this Absolute God, the Divine Absolute Individual, and all about action…With consciousness fully absorbed in Me at the moment of death, they will surely know Me.” — Lord Krishna, Bhagavad Gita, ch 7, vs 29-30 

Those who seek liberation from old age and death by surrendering to Me, they know this Brahman, Adhyatma, and all about action…..

  • Me – Lord Krishna, incarnation of Vishnu, God as the Sustainer of Life
  • Adhyatma – The Divine Individual, the Real You
  • Brahman – Absolute God

Lord Krishna is identifying Himself as Absolute (Brahman) and goes on to point out that the Real You is also Absolute and Divine (Adhyatman). And if you want release from old age and death, you will surrender to and come to know Absolute God, your Real Self, and all there is to know about Action.

NOTE: Instead of stating this process as cheating death as it does in some texts, it is stated here as liberation from old age and death, inferring eternal youth. This is consistent with other texts and the teachings of my own lineage on the subject of Divine Body.

…As well as Adhibhuta, Adhidaiva and Adhiyajña. With consciousness fully absorbed in Me at the moment of death, they will surely know Me.

  • Know – Accept unconditionally

Lord Krishna, Sustainer of Life, is telling you that if you want to be relieved of old age and death, this is the way to go about it: Accept and surrender yourself to Lord Krishna, the Divine-other-than-you, and become absorbed in That. Then, when at the moment of death you are absorbed in God, you will ‘know’ God.

  • Death – Death of the body, death of the ego, sleep, deep sleep, meditation, renunciation.

What your religion is, what you believe in, what it is called, your name for God, all this is irrelevant. Just surrender yourself to Absolute Truth and the rest will take care of itself.

“As well as AdhibhutaAdhidaiva and Adhiyajña

  • Adhibhuta – The first coming into being of the Divine Individual
  • Adhidaiva – The first other Divine Individual known to Adhyatma
  • Adhiyajña – The acceptance of the first other Divine Individual by Adhyatma

A Short Lesson in Yoga Cosmology


The Divine Individual
The Real You. 


First Coming-into-being
The Real You (atman), having become aware of your own existence (asmita), engage your inherent power to know what is other than You, and you are now in a state of being (ahamkara).

Your state: Actor.

The effect of the first act of the Divine Individual engaging Its inherent power to choose, is shakti, the power that instigates all action. 

This first action of the Divine Individual seeking knowledge of otherness is the basis all action, as well as the buddhi function of the mind which is based on self-and-other-than-self: duality.

The core of the mind, brought about by the first action, the choice to know another, is the sense of self as different, separate, and the doer of action (ahamkara, ‘ego’).

The ultimate result of the first action is that the Divine Individual enters a state of being and ultimately encounters a body (‘the Embodied One‘), the state of being human.


The First Divine Other
The first other Divine Individual known to You (Adhyatma), and who becomes your Personal God.

Your state: Knower


The First Sacrifice
Your first acceptance (sacrifice) of another Divine Individual as the same as You.

Your state: Surrendered.

Because of this first acceptance, as an embodied being your surrender to Absolute God, the Divine Other-Than-You, accelerates your evolution (awakens kundalini) and begins your journey toward recapturing your original state—eternally birthless, deathless, imperishable—only now with full awareness (“fully absorbed in Me”). 

In all of this, we find the source of all the differing concepts of God: personal and impersonal, Supreme Being and abstract Truth, relative and absolute. Now we see that all these are correct and have their sources in our own progression from the Absolute situation to the embodiment we now experience.

It appears that these two verses are telling us that, under the prescribed conditions, a transformation takes place at death, and as Paul has stated it in 1 Corinthians, “Death is swallowed up in victory,” and one attains immortal, divine body.

Now is a good time to revisit the lyrics of Kripalu’s Song on surrender and non-duality.

Namaste (I bow to the Divine One that You really are),
Durga Ma

End of Chapter Seven
The Yoga of Truth