God, Guru and the Self are the Same – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 15, Vs 16-20

Purushottama, the first and highest purusha
Purushottama

16
It is said that there are two kinds of Purushas in this world — the perishable and the imperishable — and that beings are perishable, but the highest are the perfected ones who are unchanging and imperishable.
 

  • Purusha – a Divine Individual (like You)
  • Imperishable (akṣhara unchanging and indestructible 
  • Unchanging (kūṭastha– ‘the Absolute, the Highest; the highest position in the midst of the multitude’, those who are ‘perfected and liberated’.  

As embodied beings, we are subject to change and are perishable. The highest in our world however, are not Beings in this sense. They are those living among us who, even though they may appear as human beings in every way, have achieved the highest. They are the avatars and immortal masters who have graced us with their presence on our world, to add a much needed dose of Enlightenment and Reality into the mix of adharma, superficiality, suffering and self-interest.

God In You

17
Thus, the first Purusha, who is another highest Self and is said to enter and support the three worlds, is known as the indestructible Ishvara.

  • Purusha – A Divine Individual in the Absolute who perceives other Divine Individuals
  • The First and Highest Purusha was the first purusha to awaken to his own existence (asmita, ‘I am’). This first purusha is called Purushottama, but he is known as Ishvara when seated in a body with the embodied one (You).
  • The Three Worlds – the body with its three divisions: the world of Brahmā, the Creator, the world of Vishnu, the Sustainer, and the world of Shiva, the Transformer. 

Now we see that there is one Purusha who is the highest of all. You experience this Purusha, who is other than you, as your Highest Self. This Divine Other is Purushottama, known to you as Ishvara, God in you, the witness within.

Ishvara can be seen and recognized in meditation practiced correctly (see “The Darshan of the Self“). Ishvara, with whom you are united and who experiences what you experience, is your Highest Self (paramatma).

God the Father

18
Because I transcend the perishable, and am higher than the imperishable, I am known in the World and in the Vedas as Purushottama (‘First and Highest Purusha’).

He is beyond all Others. He is higher than all other Divine Individual entities of all kinds, simply because he was the first Individual to awaken to his own existence, and to accept all other Individuals as the same, and as the same as Himself. Because He was the first to do this, He was the first one not compelled to come into Being as human, a god, or other kinds of beings including the many demigods, angels, etc.

When we pray or invoke God thinking of God in a personal way, we are addressing this First and Highest Purusha: Purushottama.

  • Purushottama – ‘First and Highest Purusha’. Purushottama is Personal God, who has accompanied you into embodiment, and is known to you as Ishvara, your Highest Self. He is also known as Vishnu (all-pervasive), whose avatara is Lord Krishna, Arjuna’s guru.

19
Thus one who is without confusion or doubt and knows Me as Purushottama, is all-knowing. He surrenders only to Me with his whole being.

In the sadhana of Surrender Meditation, we surrender to this Absolute God, and nothing else.

20
Thus is this secret teaching disclosed by Me, O Faultless One. Comprehending it, one is enlightened, and all that is to be accomplished gets accomplished.

A secret is something that is hidden.

“One is enlightened” One who understands what Lord Krishna has revealed is enlightened. Now that Arjuna has received and understood Lord Krishna’s teachings, he is enlightened and everything that has to be done in order to reach the final goal, will get done.

Enlightenment must come about. It is not the end of the road, but it paves the road. The end is within sight, but without enlightenment, it is not. 

A secret is something that is not understood.

In the Guru Gita (Song of the Guru), it is stated that God and Guru and Self are to be thought of with the same devotion, for they are truly connected in this way — they are the same, and they are other-than-you.

One who is enlightened can see the secrets.

God the Mother

Parvati & Shiva
Parvati (prakriti) and Shiva (purusha)

From the Guru Gita (The Guru’s Song):
Lord Shiva is responding to Parvati’s questions: “Know for certain that the conscious Self and the Guru are truly one, and for this reason, one who is wise will seek his Guru. Because of the darkness within the mind, the secret knowledge of Truth is concealed, but by Her light and the Guru’s word, the Mother of all comes to be revealed.”

Commentary of Swami Narayananda:
God, Guru & Self“Teachers (gurus) derive the maximum joy and happiness when eager seekers ask pertinent questions. The heart of the Guru always seeks for sincere students. This is the reason for their joy. It is but natural that one gets joy when he gets what he wants. A thirsty man is satisfied with water, the hungry man with food. But teachers are satisfied when they get suitable and deserving students to whom they can unburden their knowledge. Without a deserving student the teacher feels the burden of his knowledge, and considers his efforts fruitful when the students eagerly question and eagerly practice the teachings.”

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

Surrender Meditation

Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga
Spontaneous Experiential Meditation

Slip into a natural state of meditation with ease. Experience the relief of reaching a true meditative state without any effort and without using your will.

Receive shaktipat and become initiated into the original meditation of ancient masters from which meditation techniques were eventually derived.

Increase your knowledge base and begin Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga, Surrender Meditation. Though correct knowledge you will increase your progress by a thousand times, and bring about even deeper meditation and amazing experiences.

Shaktipat Intensives with Durga Ma are held in Phoenix, Arizona


“Every step you take pulls every one of us with you.”

The Whole World Is One Family


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Thy Will Be Done O Lord, Not Mine – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 15, Vs 8-11

Surrender

Previously:
A small part of My Eternal Self, becoming endowed with life in the world of the living, draws the five senses, with the mind as the sixth, to exist in material nature.

8
When Ishvara acquires a body, and also when He leaves it, He takes them where he goes, like a breeze carrying fragrance through the air.

Purushottama is the first Divine Individual in the Absolute to accept you as the same as Himself. When a part of Him goes with you into a body, He is called Ishvara. The senses and the mind manifest in material nature because of this relationship you have with God, Ishvara. When your body dies, and when you enter a new body, Ishvara goes with you, taking the five senses and the mind along.

You don’t lose your powers of perception or your mind when your body dies. 

It is because of Ishvara, the enjoyer-witness within, that your innate abilities, or powers — five senses and a mind — are manifested in the material world. Why? Because there are two along for the ride: Ishvara and the Real You, and because duality is the nature of this world, the physical senses and mind naturally become a part of it. 

The mind is called the sixth sense because it is connected with all five senses of perception. When perceiving, consciousness, which is the stuff the mind is made of (chitta), goes out from the mind to perceive objects of sense (sights, sounds, tastes, etc.). We know this feature of the mind as Attention.

When you see a beautiful sunset, it is your Attention going out through your eyes that sees the beautiful sunset. The sunset is the ‘object’ of your ‘sense of sight’. This experience is returned to your brain and mind (manas) and stored as a memory. Later, you re-member the sunset, and you see the image of it in your mind, even though you are no longer looking at it with your eyes. If you think about this, you will realize that this is an amazing power that you have!

9
The six senses of hearing, seeing, touching, tasting, smelling, and mind being dependent upon Him, He draws them around Himself and enjoys the objects of the senses.

“Dependent upon Him” refers to the senses and the mind as being dependent on that small portion of Absolute God (Purushottama) that came with you as Ishvara when you first embodied.

Ishvara, God within you, stays with you through life after life.  

The mind is made of consciousness (chitta). Consciousness gives you awareness of what the senses bring to you. You perceive these ‘objects’ and their concomitant experiences of pleasure or pain, joy or sorrow, like or dislike, etc.

These six senses are in Nature, and Nature is a dual affair.  

Having powers of perception is one thing. Being conscious of what is perceived is another. Just as we may be unaware of things in our peripheral vision, we are capable of being unaware of things perceived by any of the senses.

The mind is the source of your ability to be conscious of what is perceived by the senses, because it is made of consciousness.

Material things are perceived by the material senses in a material world of dualities. This is the cause of becoming identified with your body, mind and senses as yourself, and why your happiness or unhappiness with what you experience will always be temporal. 

The senses are like satellites around the world of the mind. The mind provides you with consciousness, understanding, and memory of what they perceive.

10 – 11
The unenlightened, deluded by the gunas, cannot perceive Him, whether departing, residing, or experiencing from within the body, but those enlightened by the eye of wisdom, can. The striving yogi can see Him situated within himself, but those who have not performed prescribed action, cannot.

  • Him – Ishvara. Purushottama, the ‘First Purusha’ who is your personal God, is called Ishvara when He goes with you into embodiment.
  • Eye of wisdom – This is a reference to Knowledge of Truth gained by the yogi who practices “prescribed action.” 
  • Striving yogi – The yogi who has dedicated himself to the “prescribed action,” persevered, and achieved yoga (union). This achievement does not happen over night, but the striving yogi persists with it until the goal is reached.

Now we have moved from the material to the subtle, and find that it is also possible to perceive things that are spiritual (non-material) by means of our non-material sense faculties (powers) … if we can see with the ‘eye of wisdom’. This Wisdom is actualized by means of “prescribed action,” the God-practice of surrender to Absolute God/Truth in meditation, which brings about enlightenment and trigunatita (‘beyond the gunas‘).

Surrender Only to Absolute God
Never just surrender. Surrender Only to Absolute God

Yoga means ‘uniting’. Dedicating yourself to this practice is a dedication to the union of self with the divine-other-than-self.

We are often told what not to do, but here Lord Krishna is telling us that there is something we must do in order to overcome our unenlightened state, and become God Realized, Self Realized, and liberated. He refers to this as “prescribed action.”

In the Gita we find different words for ‘action’ (karma). One of these words is kriya. Kriya refers to action that occurs spontaneously through surrender to Absolute God/Truth in meditation. Because non-static meditation is prescribed, kriya is the “prescribed action.”

‘Prescribed action’ does not mean that you use your will to accomplish something, but quite the opposite — you surrender your will to Absolute God in meditation, and the prescribed action takes place of its own accord, under the guidance of Absolute God/Truth. This surrender is the “prescribed action.”

“Thy will be done O Lord, not mine.”

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

Surrender Meditation

Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga
Spontaneous Experiential Meditation

Slip into a natural state of meditation with ease. Experience the relief of reaching a true meditative state without any effort and without using your will.

Receive shaktipat and become initiated into the original meditation of ancient masters from which meditation techniques were eventually derived.

Increase your knowledge base and begin Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga, Surrender Meditation. Though correct knowledge you will increase your progress by a thousand times, and bring about even deeper meditation and amazing experiences.

Shaktipat Intensives with Durga Ma are held in Phoenix, Arizona


“Every step you take pulls every one of us with you.”

The Whole World Is One Family

The Place of No Return – Bhagavad Gita, Ch 15, Vs 5-7

Absolute

5
Those who are free of pride and enslavement by the dark night of attachment, are freed from dualities. Having withdrawn from objects of desire and no longer deluded, they dwell in the True Self, and attain the feet of the Eternal.

  • Pride – self-importance, arrogance, vanity, self-adulation, egotism.
  • Enslavement – bound, attached.
  • Freed from dualities – such as ease and dis-ease, pleasure and pain, etc.
  • True Self – The Real You, a divine, perfect, imperishable individual.

In the previous verse on overcoming Attachment, it was said that one must then seek that place where, once having gone, one will not return again … and surrender at His feet. This verse reveals what happens when you do this: you are free, you are not affected by dualities, and you dwell in your True Self — you are your Real Self, the Real You. That’s what happens when you surrender to God. 

When you “dwell in the True Self,” you will have no desires pulling at you because you will have the very thing you have lived for all these many lifetimes. You have discovered that by surrendering yourself to God, you get God; and when you get God, you get your True Self. This is the easiest way to Self-realization. It happens automatically because God and the Real Self are not different. But trying to get your True Self first, or trying to circumvent God altogether in order to get to your True Self, you will fail. The KEY to Self-realization is God-realization … because God and the Real You are not different.

If you believe that you have achieved Self-realization and did so without first realizing God, you are fooling yourself. Many people start this way, but if they are truly Self-realized, they will be the first to tell you that it was God as other-then-self that made it so. 

The key to Self-realization is God-realization

When you “dwell in the True Self,” dualities, like ease and dis-ease, happiness and unhappiness, like and dislike, good and evil, will become neutralized. “Pride and enslavement by the darkness of attachment” will be a distant memory, and you will wonder how in the world could you ever have been so deluded.

It is not desire itself that binds us, but rather our attachments to our desires.

6
Neither the sun nor the moon nor fire illumine that abode of Mine. Once having gone to that place, one does not return again.

Natural light sources of sun, moon and fire do not illumine His Abode. By now in your meditation, you have visited amazing places where everything shone of their own light, so light sources were not present. This was sabija samadhi. But now, because of the mention of non-return, we find that you have graduated to nirbija samadhi, that ‘place’ where there is no light source because there is no-thing to see. The only thing present here is the unending happiness, rolling bliss, and the complete fulfillment of union with Absolute God/Truth. Having reached it, you are liberated from the cycles of death and rebirth — “one does not return again.”

7
A small part of My Eternal Self, becoming endowed with life in the world of the living, draws the five senses, with the mind as the sixth, to exist in material nature.

Krishna & Radha
Krishna and Radha as Purusha and Prakriti

A part of God went with You when you became embodied. This caused Your inherent powers of perception and consciousness to become manifest in material nature as five physical sense organs and a brain.

The sense organs are your means of perception (consciousness of), which are received by the brain and mind. These are powers that you have as a living being because they are inherent to the Real You (which is absolute). Here in this world (which is relative), they are the manifestations of your power to Know, drawn into material nature (manifested) by God-in-you: Purushottama.  

While God may seem to be many separate small parts in all of the many separate and different Beings, He is nevertheless what He Is: God, unlimited and Absolute God within each of us here in the Relative Realm of this world.

The powers that you have as a Divine Individual to see, hear, feel, taste, smell and know, become manifest as eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose and brain. Absolute God’s presence within you makes it so.

Parvati & Shiva
Parvati and Shiva as Prakriti and Purusha

Knowing this, one might be more inclined to put aside trying to using these powers to gratify desires, and instead, reach for the Divine Force that is behind them. This Divine Force is not different than You.

Here in this world, all things known by the mind are obtained by means of the senses.

The ‘Highest Purusha’ is the Divine Individual in the Absolute who first accepted you unconditionally, and as the same as Himself. This relationship you have with Absolute God has caused your ability to Know, to become manifest in the material world as five physical senses so that you can experience it.

Purusha & Prikriti in the Absolute

  • Purusha – a Divine Individual who perceives one or more other Divine Individuals
  • Prakriti – a Divine Individual perceived by one or more other Divine Individuals

Purusha & Prikriti in the Relative Realm

  • Purusha – the Real You 
  • Prakriti – Real Divine Others — all Others that you perceive (even though you erroneously perceive them as Nature)

Namaste (I bow to the divine one that you really are),
Durga Ma
durgama.com

Surrender Meditation

Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga
Spontaneous Experiential Meditation

Slip into a natural state of meditation with ease. Experience the relief of reaching a true meditative state without any effort and without using your will.

Receive shaktipat and become initiated into the original meditation of ancient masters from which meditation techniques were eventually derived.

Increase your knowledge base and begin Shaktipat Kundalini Yoga, Surrender Meditation. Though correct knowledge you will increase your progress by a thousand times, and bring about even deeper meditation and amazing experiences.

Shaktipat Intensives with Durga Ma are held in Phoenix, Arizona


“Every step you take pulls every one of us with you.”

The Whole World Is One Family